Azerbaijan’s transport infrastructure includes about 22,000 km of roads, over 2,000 km of railroads, as well as 5 international and 2 local airports. Bakı is also the largest Caspian Sea port. All segments of the domestic transport sector experience a rapid growth. Shipping has enjoyed an average annual growth rate of almost 20% since mid-1990s. Aviation is one of the leading segments. Rail transportation has considerably grown due to ever-increasing volumes of goods and passengers in transit across the country. The oil and gas pipelines are top performers within the sector.
The city has a well-developed subway system currently consisting of 23 stations.
Azerbaijan is an important hub for multi-modal transit of goods and passengers to serve the needs of Eurasian logistics. Azerbaijan supports regional transport initiatives and promotes international transit cooperation. Landmark infrastructure projects currently under implementation include Bakı International Maritime Trade Port and Bakı-Tbilisi-Kars railway. The latter project is a joint endeavor by the Governments of Azerbaijan, Turkey and Georgia to facilitate international transit of goods and passengers from China to Europe hereby helping unlock the region’s huge transit potential.
Azerbaijan is also an active participant of the EU-supported Transport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia (TRACECA) linked to the Trans-European Networks (TENs).