Since the late 1960s, the history of Azerbaijan has been closely connected with the name of its national leader, Heydar Aliyev. For three decades, he was the driving force behind the country’s political, economic, social, and cultural development.
Throughout his leadership, Azerbaijan enjoyed significant increases in economic growth, improving its infrastructure and overseeing its modernization in the fields of education, oil and gas, manufacturing, and agriculture.
When Heydar Aliyev returned to lead Azerbaijan in 1993, the war-torn country was almost on the brink of collapse. Under his astute leadership, much-needed domestic stability was restored, important political, economic and social reforms were launched. A well-balanced and farsighted foreign policy conducted under his leadership enabled to strengthen Azerbaijan’s independence and sovereignty and establish strategic partnerships with regional states and global powers. The conclusion of the multi-billion-dollar “Contract of the Century” and the construction of the Bakı-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline were grand achievements of Heydar Aliyev’s oil strategy.
Heydar Aliyev attached great importance to strengthening Azerbaijan’s relations with the United States. His personal efforts to solidify this relationship played an important role in increasing the awareness in Washington about Azerbaijan’s geopolitical importance and establishing a strong strategic partnership between the two countries.
President Heydar Aliyev left behind an independent and prosperous nation grounded in democratic institutions, a rapidly developing economy and a swiftly increasing role in the modern world.